August 29, 2011 § Leave a comment
Back to fifties Paris, there was a bar near the Boulevard St Germain which was a cross between a gentleman’s bar and a library. Around the walls were Jazz Records (78s). The barman working as a DJ as well, found the records the customer requested and played them. The club was called “La Discotheque”.
In the early sixties London, the place that defined what discotheques were the Ad Lib Club, dark and sexy with mirrors round the dance floor. Later the Ad Lib burned down, the new address was the Scotch of St James, the Cromwellian, Maunkberry’s, Tramp and the Speakeasy. Although loosely termed discotheques, these club had small dance areas which was secondary to the club’s social propose of providing a meeting place for “in” people (sounds familiar isn’t it?)
These discos had their equivalents in other capitals,like Arthur in New York.
Here is “the sound” of the time :
Let’s have a quick look now :
1857 Phonoautograph invented in France
1878 Edison patented phonograph
1906 Reginald Fessenden transmitted the first audio radio broadcast in history also playing the first record, that of a contralto singing Handel’s Largo from Xerxes
1909 The world’s first radio disc jockey was Ray Newby, of Stockton, California.
1927 Christopher Stone became the first radio announcer and programmer in the United Kingdom, on the BBC radio station.
1935 American commentator Walter Winchell coined the term “disc jockey” (the combination of disc, referring to the disc records, and jockey, which is an operator of a machine)
1943 Jimmy Savile launched the world’s first DJ dance party by playing jazz records in the upstairs function room of the Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds in Otley, England.
1947 The Whiskey à Go-Go nightclub opened in Paris, France, considered to be the world’s first commercial discothèque, or disco (deriving its name from the French word meaning a nightclub where the featured entertainment is recorded music rather than an on-stage band)
1953 Regine began playing on twin turntables in The Whiskey
1955 Bob Casey, a well-known “sock hop” DJ, brought the two-turntable system to the U.S.
1969 American club DJ Francis Grasso popularized beatmatching at New York’s Sanctuary nightclub.
1973 Jamaican-born DJ Kool Herc, widely regarded as the “father of hip-hop culture,” performed at block parties in his Bronx neighborhood and developed a technique of mixing back and forth between two identical records to extend the rhythmic instrumental segment, or break.
1974 Technics released the first SL-1200 turntable, which evolved into the SL-1200 MK2 in 1979
1974 Kraftwerk released the 22-minute song “Autobahn”
1975 DJ Grand Wizard Theodore invented the scratching technique by accident.
August 26, 2011 § Leave a comment
“Anything that won’t sell, I don’t want to invent. Its sale is proof of utility, and utility is success.” says Edison. Yes, Thomas Edison who invented the light bulb, but not just the light bulb also, the motion picture camera and the phonograph.
On the 19th of February 1878 Thomas Edison issued the first patent for phonograph, also known as gramophone and turntable and went on to start The Columbia Gramophone Company. At that time Edison was experimenting with how a moving diaphragm linked to a coil and could produce a voice modulated signal. Meanwhile he was also experimenting with a telegraph repeater which was simply a device that used a needle to indent paper with the dots and dashes of the Morse code.
From these ideas, Edison came up with the concept of attaching the stylus from a telegraph repeater to the diaphragm in the mouthpiece of a phone. Sadly the first test didnt work but it did produce sound! That was on 1877.
The next year Edison improved the device, a band of tin foil was mounted on a cylinder and the cylinder was turned via a hand crank during the recording and the playback. Here are the first worlds recorded from Edison “Mary had a little lamb, its fleece was white as snow, and everywhere that Mary went, the lamb was sure to go.”
“From my experiments on the telephone I knew of how to work a pawl connected to the diaphragm; and this engaging a ratchet-wheel served to give continuous rotation to a pulley. This pulley was connected by a cord to a little paper toy representing a man sawing wood. Hence, if one shouted: ‘ Mary had a little lamb,’ etc., the paper man would start sawing wood. I reached the conclusion that if I could record the movements of the diaphragm properly, I could cause such records to reproduce the original movements imparted to the diaphragm by the voice, and thus succeed in recording and reproducing the human voice.” he says.
The music critic Herman Klein attended an early demonstration of the early phonograph. He writes “It sounded to my ear like someone singing about half a mile away, or talking at the other end of a big hall; but the effect was rather pleasant, save for a peculiar nasal quality wholly due to the mechanism, though there was little of the scratching which later was a prominent feature of the flat disc. Recording for that primitive machine was a comparatively simple matter. I had to keep my mouth about six inches away from the horn and remember not to make my voice too loud if I wanted anything approximating to a clear reproduction; that was all. When it was played over to me and I heard my own voice for the first time, one or two friends who were present said that it sounded rather like mine; others declared that they would never have recognised it. I daresay both opinions were correct.”
August 18, 2011 § Leave a comment
What you think is so
Develop the ability to know:
What you think is so
The Beauty you see is
The Beauty you create
The World of Artists:
Each one makes his melodies
his own way
Each one creates the beauty
With your genuine interest
Receive their beauties
You like what you like
You don’t what you don’t
Only you know
It’s you artistic freedom
To like what you like
And do it your way
This is your native freedom
See what he does
Observe the rules he makes
Try them if you like
Draw what you want
Leave the rest
Do this with as many others as you care
Do this enough times and then
Make up some rules
Or don’t even bother
Try you techniques out what you’ve drawn
Do it as you
And then-you easily own it
August 3, 2011 § Leave a comment
This morning, like I do every morning as I woke up, the first thing, I turned on my radio. “Ohm G – Lost In Paradise” was warming my room and was waking me up. I like music in every moment in my life. I always listen something. Being an addiction, Music is the food of my soul (basically) and that’s the only way I know to nourish myself. Life would be so difficult if we did not have those devices; radio, computer, internet.. I do like the very old times as well though, when you could only listen the music “live”, having a tea party with your friends, playing as a quartet all together. Anyway, that’s far old now and we have the chance click on “lastfm” write “Chick Corea” and listen. Do you ever think how does the music reaches us?
Ok let’s have quick look on Music History, folks.
The automatic reproduction of music can be traced back as far as the 9th century, when the Banū Mūsā brothers invented the earliest known mechanical musical instrument.This was the hydraulic organ which was an early type of pipe organ that operated by converting the dynamic energy of water into air pressure to drive the pipes. Hence its name hydraulis, literally “water (driven) pipe (instrument).”
In the Middle Ages, many researchers tried to record sounds but they were not too successful, due to the insufficient knowledge. Giovanni Battista della Porta, a great natural scientist, who lived in the 16th century, wanted to “trap” the sound with metal tubes. He thought, if he speaks into the tube and covers that very fast, then the sound will be caught and he can listen that later.But it didn’t happen.
In the 14th century, Flanders introduced a mechanical bell-ringer controlled by a rotating cylinder. Similar designs appeared in barrel organs (15th century), musical clocks (1598), barrel pianos (1805), and musical boxes (1815).
All of these machines could play stored music, but they could not play arbitrary sounds, could not record a live performance, and were limited by the physical size of the medium.
First, Jean Duhamel, French physician and mathematician proposed a good plan of a sound recorder and player machine. He thought that the vibrations of air could be recorded by an elastic membrane connected with a needle that scratches a soft material.
Now, the earliest known device for recording sound was the phonautograph. This device used a horn to direct sound toward a flexible diaphragm placed at the small end. Attached to the diaphragm was a stylus and lever assembly that allowed the point to scratch out a line on a rotating cylinder beneath it. The cylinder (glass strips were later used) was coated with “lampblack,” probably applied by holding it over a flame and allowing carbon to accumulate. Invented by Frenchman Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville, it was patented on March 25, 1857.
The recording of “Au Clair de la Lune“, recorded in 1860, is thought to be the oldest known recorded human voice. “When I first heard the recording as you hear it … it was magical, so ethereal,” audio historian David Giovannoni, who found the recording.
Scientists have managed to play back the recording using a virtual “stylus”, which is really a computer program that reads the recording from a scanned image. The process sort of reminds me of this extremely interesting technique.
As the phonautograph was a manually-cranked device, the speed varied throughout the recording and likewise the pitch changes somewhat over time, giving it a bit of a warbly sound.
Let’s leave it for now… hope you enjoy the first woman recording. Next to come Phonograph (Turntable)